In October 2008, Luc Montagnier and Françoise Barré-Sinoussi shared the Physiology/Medicine Nobel Prize for the discovery of the HIV Virus. In July 2010, Montagnier again surprised his colleagues at a highly remunerative international conference: he presented a new way to determine the presence of viral infections which parallels basic principles of homeopathy.
Luc Montagnier told the conference that solutions containing the DNA of pathogenic bacteria and viruses, including HIV, "are capable of emitting low frequency radio waves" that cause the surrounding water molecules to arrange themselves into "nanostructures". These water molecules could in turn emit radio waves. He showed that water retained these properties even when the original solution was massively diluted, up to the point where the original DNA had actually disappeared. In this way, water could store the "memory" of substances it had been in contact with - and doctors could use these emissions to detect diseases.